Till F. Sonnemann is junior professor for digital geoarchaelogy at the University of Bamberg, Germany.
Previously he was a postdoctoral researcher at Leiden University (2013-16). He holds a diploma in Geophysics (Dipl. Geophys.) from the University of Münster (2005), and a PhD in Archaeology from the University of Sydney (2012).
His main research interests are the combination of GIS, remote sensing and geophysics in landscape archaeology and heritage. Within NEXUS, he focuses on developing a methodological approach to analyse Caribbean Indigenous landscapes, by applying a variety of remote and close range sensing techniques at different scales in the Greater and Lesser Antilles. From 2014-16 he was responsible for the development of the Nexus1492 website.
Since 2005, André Delpuech has been Senior Curator at the Musée de Quai Branly (Paris, France) and Chief Curator of the department of the Americas collections (Archaeology and Ethnography).
His first specialization was in European Paleolithic (University of Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne, then University of Bordeaux I). He worked in archaeological rescue excavations in France between 1984 and 1991. From 1992 to 1999, he was the creator and director of the Archaeological Service of the Guadeloupe Archipelago (FWI). In this time, a scientific cooperation was established with Leiden University and with Prof. Dr. Corinne Hofman and Prof. Dr. Menno Hoogland, he co-directed excavations carried out on a number of Amerindian sites (e.g. Morel, Anse à la Gourde). Until 2004, André was chief of the Bureau for Archaeological Research at the French Ministry of Culture. Since 2007, he is the president of the Archaeological Commission for the Americas at the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Currently, his research is now particularly focused on the history of the discipline of Archaeology and Anthropology in the Americas, the first Cabinets of Cusiosities, and ancient collections from the Caribbean and Amazonia. He is also engaged in the colonial story of the Caribbean (Archaeology of Colonial Slavery, 2014).
Samantha de Ruiter is a PhD researcher in the Caribbean Research Group and holds a Bachelor and Research Master [MPhil] degree (2009, 2012) in Archaeology from Leiden University.
Her main research interests are Caribbean archaeology and computer applications in archaeology. Within HERA-CARIB, she focuses on landscape archaeology and settlement patterning dynamics in the Lesser Antilles to investigate continuity and changes in settlement locations across the historical divide. She will use Geographic Information Systems and predictive modeling to address the research questions.
Becki Scott is a post-doctoral researcher with the NWO Island Networks project at Leiden University. She has a BA in Archaeology (2002) and an MA in Cultural Landscape Management (2005) both from the University of Wales, Lampeter. She has an MSc in Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology (2008) and a PhD in Forensic and Archaeological Glass Analysis (2011) both from Cranfield University.
Prior to working at Leiden, Becki was a post-doctoral researcher at Leuven University (KU Leuven), Belgium, where she worked on the ERC ARCHGLASS project analysing the effects of recycling on Roman glass compositions. While working for KU Leuven, Becki began collaborating with the HERA Carib Connections project. She began to develop a method for analysing the composition of indigenous ceramic objects from the Lesser Antilles using pXRF. Becki’s work enabled the provenancing of ceramic objects in the field, whilst working on Grenada. Her current role on the NWO Island Networks project is to continue developing this methodology, and to expand the work to cover other islands in the Lesser Antilles. She also hopes to develop a baseline to allow the comparative pXRF study of ceramics from across the Caribbean, with a particular focus on the Dominican Republic.
Christina Warinner is director of the Laboratories of Molecular Anthropology and Microbiome Research (LMAMR) and an assistant professor of Anthropology at the University of Oklahoma since 2014. Furthermore, she holds the title of Presidential Research Professor and is an adjunct professor of Periodontics at the University of Oklahoma’s College of Dentistry.
In 2010, she earned her Ph.D. from Harvard University. She studied dental calculus using high-throughput metagenomics and metaproteomics approaches. Recently, she has developed a novel metaproteomics technique using tandem mass spectometry to identify the dietary proteins in modern and ancient human dental calculus. Currently her research focuses on examining major transistions in human diet and oral microbial ecology.
Catarina Guzzo Falci is a PhD student at the Faculty of Archaeology in Leiden University. She is studying the biographies of adornments (beads, pendants, plugs, etc.) in the pan-Caribbean region, encompassing the Antilles and surrounding mainlands. Microwear analysis will be used to investigate the evolving patterns in production technologies, modes and degrees of usage, and exchange throughout the Ceramic Age period (400 BC – AD 1492). The comparison between artefact biographies for multiple case-studies will allow a critical assessment of previous ideas regarding large-scale interactions within and between these regions that were based primarily on iconography. The research aims at generating a new understanding of interactions in a multi-scalar fashion: from micro-regional, to inter-island, and finally to pan-regional networks that would have involved not only the trade of goods, but also the persistence and sharing of ideas and ways of doing things.
Catarina’s main interests include ornamentation of the body, pre-Colonial archaeology of the Caribbean and of the lowlands of South America, anthropological and archaeological approaches to technology and skill, microwear analysis, and South American ethnology.
Catarina obtained a Bachelor’s degree in Social Sciences from the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG, Brazil). For her BA thesis (2012), she carried out a technological analysis of debitage associated to stone bead making from the southeast of the Amazon Basin. During her Research Master at Leiden University (2013-2015), she focused on technologies of production and on use of bodily adornments in the Late Ceramic Age Caribbean.
Dr. Jay B. Haviser is from 2007-present, the specialist for Monuments and Archaeology at the Ministry of VROMI of the Government of St. Maarten, after having been the Archaeologist for the Netherlands Antilles Government from 1982-2007. He received his doctorate in Archaeology from Leiden University, Netherlands, in 1987, and is currently an associate on the Leiden University Faculty for Archaeology, and assists with some NEXUS projects.
Dr. Haviser has served the Caribbean region as; the President of the International Association for Caribbean Archaeology (1999-2007, 2015-present), the Senior Regional Representative for the Caribbean in the World Archaeological Congress (2002-2008), as well as President of the Museums Association of the Caribbean (2000-2002). He was granted Knighthood by Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands in 2008, for his archaeology work in the Netherlands Antilles.
Some of his more prominent book publications include: African Sites Archaeology in the Caribbean (1999), co-editor of African Re-Genesis (2006), and co-editor of Managing Our Past into the Future (2015), as well as writing over 100 international publications. He is currently directing three Youth and Science programs called SIMARC on St. Maarten, SABARC on Saba, and BONAI on Bonaire, as well as teaching Caribbean Archaeology at the University of St. Martin.
Andy Ciofalo attained his bachelor degree in 2007 at the University of Massachusetts. In 2012 he attained his MA. in Maya Anthropology at the University of Central Florida. At UCF he had the opportunity to work as a field manager assisting with archaeological excavations in the Bahamas, which is when he discovered a passion for Caribbean archaeology. The ability to assist students discovering archaeology in practice, and facilitate learning about regional pre-Columbian history was a pleasure and inspiration. He has completed research in archaeology in the Bahamas, Greater Antilles, and Lesser Antilles with a range of island environments. Andy has taught at Westchester Community College, courses related to anthropology and archaeology in 2012, 2013, and 2014.
Currently he is a PhD researcher at Leiden University associated with the ERC Synergy-NEXUS 1492 Project where he will develop a research focus in understanding the socially variable foodways among indigenous northern Caribbean communities during the late pre-Columbian period. Plant processing and cooking tools from archaeological contexts of El Flaco and La Luperona (Dominican Republic), Palmetto Junction (Turks and Caicos Islands) will be subjected to ancient starch grain analysis. The botanical data will expose and help to explicate pre-Columbian foodways.
Maaike de Waal graduated in 1996 with two MA degrees at Leiden University (“ Archaeology and Culture History of the America’s” and “Prehistory of North-Western Europe”). She completed a PhD in Caribbean Archaeology at the same university (2006). Her dissertation, entitled “Pre-Columbian social organisation and interaction interpreted through the study of settlement patterns. An archaeological case-study of the Pointe des Châteaux, La Désirade and Les Îles de la Petite Terre micro-region, Guadeloupe, F.W.I.” was based on a four-year project she designed and which was granted by the Leiden Faculty of Archaeology. Subsequently, as archaeologist at RAAP Archeologisch Adviesbureau in Leiden, de Waal was responsible for several surveying, auger testing and test excavation projects at prehistoric, Roman, Early and Late Medieval and sub-recent sites in the Netherlands. From 2008 – 2010, as lecturer in archaeology at the University of the West Indies in Barbados, she was responsible for the creation of an archaeology minor in the Department of History and Philosophy. Later in 2010 she worked as lecturer in archaeology at Saxion Next University of Applied Sciences in Deventer (the Netherlands). From 2010 onwards, de Waal is co-owner of ARGEOgraph, an archaeological company that offers archaeological and geodetic products and services for archaeological applications in the Netherlands and in the Caribbean. Between 2013 and 2016, de Waal worked as assistant professor at the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden University. From 2016 onwards, she is research fellow at the University of the West Indies, Barbados and guest staff member at the Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University.
De Waal is specialized in pre-colonial Caribbean archaeology. Since her 1994 and 1995 field investigations at La Désirade, she has been interested in pre-colonial habitation and exploitation of small islands and islets in the region. This interest has been deepened by the possibility to carry out a systematic and highly intensive survey project in the eastern part of Guadeloupe (the Pointe des Châteaux peninsula, the island of La Désirade and the nowadays uninhabited islets of Petite Terre) as part of her PhD research. This project allowed the study of pre-colonial organization and interaction of this micro-region through the investigation of settlement patterns and archaeological landscapes. De Waal has specialized in archaeological prospection and in the study of ceramics, especially those from the Late Ceramic Age in the Lesser Antilles. In addition, she has focused on studying precolonial cultural landscapes (Barbados), on creating archaeological predictive maps (e.g. Sint Eustatius, 2013 and Saba, 2015) and on developing an innovative remote sensing technique (Barbados).
De Waals areas of expertise include:
– (Caribbean) archaeology
– Caribbean micro-regional organisation and interaction
– Caribbean pre-colonial ceramics
– Caribbean pre-colonial settlement patterns
– Archaeology of the Americas
– Development of academic study curricula, courses and tests
– Teaching university and university of applied sciences students
Martijn finished his MA thesis (Leiden University) on contemporary pottery production among the Palikur in French Guiana in 1995. He works now as project leader in the French overseas departments for Inrap (National French Institute of Preventive Archaeology), such as Guadeloupe and Martinique where he conducts most of his fieldwork but lives in French Guiana.
In 2015, he earned a PhD title at Leiden University. He provided an update of the state of affairs of the archaeology of the western coastal zone of French Guiana based on numerous excavations, notably the ceramic series of these sites. Next to his work in compliance archaeology he participates in various multidisciplinary projects as an archaeologist concerning the impact of ancient human presence in the tropical forest of French Guiana and is scientific member of IRISTA. He is also an editor for the Boletim do Museu Emilio Goeldi of the section archaeology. In addition he is also interested in the Dutch occupation and colonisation of the Wild Coast and the Lesser Antilles during the 17th century.
For NEXUS Martijn has joined the team as a guest member of Leiden University and as a researcher for the Late Ceramic Age assemblages in the Guianas and the Caribbean which are connected through the presence of Koriabo and Cayo ceramics respectively in both areas crossing the Historical Divide.
I earned my Ph.D. at the University of Arizona’s School of Anthropology in 2016. I study the material culture of past peoples to examine how social movements shaped religion and politics through time. I examine these movements using social and spatial analyses that draw on a wide range of data, although I’ve found ceramic and architecture to be particularly useful. I am interested in combining theories on decentralized social organization with archaeological, historical, and anthropological theories of historical change. I have applied these theoretical and methodological interests to the Gallina people in the prehispanic North American Southwest to understand issues of violence as well as resistance to the increasingly hierarchical religious and political situation in the late Chaco landscape and throughout the Mesa Verde region as well as in the Hohokam region in the southern Southwest by examining how and why the spread of ideologies (specifically that associated with the spread of Salado polychrome ceramics) was truncated. In the Caribbean, I’ll be exploring how integrating social network and spatial analyses can give us a better understanding of the history of periods with and without text and to explore the construction of archaeological knowledge, and thus history.
Patrick Degryse is Professor of Archaeometry at the department of Earth and Environmental Sciences and director of the Centre for Archaeological Sciences at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium). His main research efforts focus on the use of mineral raw materials in ancient ceramic, glass, metal and building stone production, using petrographical, mineralogical and isotope geochemical techniques. He teaches geology, geochemistry, archaeometry and natural sciences in archaeology, and outside the lab is active in several field projects in the eastern Mediterranean. He is an A. von Humboldt Fellow and European Research Council Grantee.
Currently he is PI-3 in the HERA-CARIB Project.
Dr. Maria Magdalena Antczak is an archaeologist and anthropologist. She received her Ph.D. in Prehistoric Archaeology from the Institute of Archaeology, University College London (2000), studied ethnography at Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan and anthropology at the Central University of Venezuela. Currently she is Associate Professor of Anthropology and Archaeology at Simon Bolivar University in Caracas, co-founder and co-director (with Dr. A. Antczak) of the Archaeology Research Unit at the same university. In 1982, together with Dr. Andrzej Antczak, she created and co-directed the project Archaeology of the Islands of Venezuela, and since then has carried out pioneering archaeological investigations on more than 60 offshore islands of the Venezuelan Caribbean. Since 2006 she also conducted research (together with Dr. A. Antczak) on the small islands off the eastern coast of Martinique. Her scholarly interests include (re)construction of past social realities both in pre-Hispanic north-central Venezuela (island-mainland relations) and method and theory of meaning attribution and signifying practices applied to the study of representational material culture (especially within the pre-Hispanic Sphere of Interaction in north-central Venezuela), using approaches of cognitive, symbolic and contextual archaeology. Related interests: figurine studies, anthropology and archaeology of art, pre-Hispanic symbolism, Queen Conch symbolism in the Caribbean, ceramic and provenance studies, public and community archaeology.
Dr. Arie Boomert (1946) studied cultural anthropology and cultural prehistory at the University of Amsterdam (BA, 1968; MA, with honours, 1972) and Leiden University (Ph.D, 2000). He subsequently worked as an archaeologist at the Surinaams Museum, Paramaribo, Suriname (1973-1975), Leiden University (1976-1978), the University of Amsterdam (1979-1980), the University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad (1980-1988), and as a desk editor at PlantijnCasparie Heerhugowaard (1988-2004). Since 2004 he has been employed at Leiden University again. In addition, he was the director of the International Association for Caribbean Archaeology (1983-1987) and a member of the Advisary Board of Antropológica, Fundación La Salle, Caracas, Venezuela (1983-1999). He is the author of fifty publications, including articles in scholarly journals, papers in congress proceedings, contributions to encyclopaedias and edited works, book reviews and two monographs. His research interests include the archaeology, ethnohistory and linguistics of the West Indies, the Guianas and Amazonia.
Bert Neyt is a researcher at Leuven University. He holds a master diploma in Geology (2005) and a PhD degree in Geology (2012) (both at Leuven University), for which he did research on ancient ceramic provenancing in and around the archaeological site of Sagalassos in southwestern Turkey, specializing in ceramic petrography, geochemical analysis and clay mineralogy.
Bert contributes to the HERA-CARIB project by making a technological and provenance analysis of the ceramic spectrum from the islands of the Lesser Antilles, by means of ceramic petrography and geochemical analysis of clay raw materials, in order to obtain a better understanding of the continuity and change in indigenous ceramic production in the period AD1000-1800.
Tom Breukel is a PhD candidate at Leiden University. He obtained his MA (research) degree in Archaeology at the University of Leiden in 2013, studying threepointer artefacts from the Caribbean.
In the NWO-Island Networks project Tom is investigating transformations in the ways material culture was produced and used. He aims to pinpoint whether changes occurred and of what kind they were through microwear analysis, microscope-based characterisation of the wear traces left on artefacts as a result of past activities. The spatiotemporal frame of his research is the late pre-colonial and early colonial Lesser Antilles, with a comparative perspective from the late pre-colonial Dominican Republic. His interests extend to object materialities, current theories of Amerindian ontologies and social models, reductive craft technologies, and Caribbean material culture (in particular paraphernalia, axes, ornaments, which are overlapping categories).
Emma Slayton is a PhD researcher at the Faculty of Archaeology at Leiden University. She has earned a Master of Philosophy from the University of Oxford (2013) and a Bachelor’s degree from Pitzer College (2011).
Her current research project is a part of the NWO Island Networks project at the University of Leiden. Entitled Seascape Corridors: How modelling routes through the sea can illuminate early island culture, it focuses on how computer modeling can be used alongside ethnographic, historic, and archaeological data to create a better understanding of how and along what routes Amerindians would have piloted their canoes.
Arlene Alvarez is an affiliated PhD researcher at Leiden University. She has a Masters degree in Public Administration with a concentration in nonprofit marketing and management through the National Urban Fellowship-Baruch College, School of Public Affairs, City University of New York (2000). She holds a Bachelors of Arts in Sociology and Political Science from Rutgers University (1995). As the Director of the Altos de Chavon Regional Museum of Archaeology since the year 2000, she has been in charge of developing programs to increase appreciation for the indigenous heritage of the Dominican Republic. Her main research interests are heritage management, community participation, and social development.
She contributes to the Nexus 1492 project through her research on access to indigenous heritage public and private collections exploring ways to improve heritage policies, and enrich cultural identity discussions in the Dominican Republic and at a regional level.
Ryan Espersen holds a Research Masters from Leiden University in Archaeology (2009), a Joint Bachelor of Arts in Archaeology and Latin American History from the University of Calgary (2006), Canada, as well as a Bachelor of Education from Lahehead University, Canada (2011). He has been a PhD candidate at Leiden University since September 2010.
As the Early Research Fellow 9 under the European Transatlantic Slave Trade project (EUROTAST), Ryan Espersen will study will contrast the development of slave lifeways between the colonial-era Dutch Antilles using a multidisciplinary approach combining historical archaeology, slave ancestry via mtDNA analysis, and a study of migrations and foodways derived from strontium isotope analysis. The Dutch islands each followed a markedly different trajectory of colonization and economic development than the others (Haviser 2001), thus slave lifeways on each island will be studied within their own terms followed by being contextualized within the broader social, political, and economic macro-environments of the Dutch Antilles. Outreach projects involving local African-ancestry communities and the involvement of island youth in portions of fieldwork will be emphasized as an integral part of this research, in particular through the St. Maarten Archaeological Research Center (SIMARC), the Saba Archaeological Research Center (SABARC), and the Bonaire Archaeological Institute (BONAI).
Floris Keehnen is a PhD researcher at Leiden University. He holds both a Bachelor (2008) and Research Master [MPhil] (2012) degree in Caribbean archaeology from Leiden University. His current project Values and valuables in the early colonial Caribbean is funded by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) within their program ‘PhDs in the Humanities’.
For his PhD project he will focus on the role of material culture in Amerindian-European interactions and exchanges in the early colonial Caribbean (1492-1800). He will specifically examine the Amerindian attitudes towards new types of material culture related to the differential impacts of early colonial encounters in the Caribbean. The main questions to be answered are what items were exchanged in cross-cultural interactions in what contexts, and how were these exotic objects valued by and integrated into indigenous society?
Tom Brughmans is an archaeologist specialised in digital technologies and network science. He received his undergraduate and Masters degrees in Archaeology from the University of Leuven (Belgium) in 2007 and 2008 respectively. In 2009 he obtained a Master in Science in Archaeological Computing: Spatial Technologies from the University of Southampton. Since then Tom worked as a research assistant at these institutions and he has received his PhD in Archaeology at the University of Southampton as a member of the Archaeological Computing Research Group, and at the University of Leuven.
His research aims to explore the potential of network science for the archaeological discipline through case-studies on citation networks of archaeological literature, tableware distribution in the Roman Eastern Mediterranean and visibility networks in Iron Age and Roman Southern Spain.
The PhD project Facing Society is funded by the NWO program PhDs in the Humanities.
The proposed PhD research will investigate aspects of identity among the pre-Columbian and early colonial societies of the circum-Caribbean by analyzing the practice of intentional cranial modification (ICM). This permanent modification of the human head shape is cross-culturally recognized as a way to express and communicate elements of personal and group identity. This research will determine patterns of modification (i.e. prevalence and type) in skeletal assemblages from the circum-Caribbean region and apply a multidisciplinary approach to correlate these patterns with social and material dimensions of society, such as sex and gender, social status, social organization, material culture, and the mobility of people and exchange of ideas across the Caribbean archipelago. This will provide insight into the formation and expression of social identities among the indigenous peoples of the Caribbean and the relations between different circum-Caribbean communities.
Anne van Duijvenbode (MA) specializes in the study of intentional cranial modification in the skeletal assemblages from the prehistoric and early colonial indigenous communities of the circum-Caribbean region.
Mereke van Garderen is a PhD student at the University of Konstanz since 2013. She holds a Bachelor in Liberal Arts and Sciences from University College Roosevelt in Middelburg, the Netherlands, and a Master in Computer Science and Engineering from Eindhoven University of Technology, also in the Netherlands. Her previous research experience focused mainly on graph drawing and set visualisation.
Mereke is a PhD student within the HERA-CARIB Project.
John Angus Martin is the Director/Curator of the Grenada National Museum in St. George’s, Grenada. He holds a BS degree in Biological Sciences and a minor in Anthropology from the State University of New York at Stony Brook (1986), MS in Agricultural and Applied Economics (1995) and MA in History (1999) from Clemson University, South Carolina. He is a part-time Lecturer in the School of Arts and Sciences at St. George’s University, Grenada.
His main research interests are the history and culture of Grenada, particularly slavery and colonialism. He is the author of the A-Z of Grenada Heritage (Macmillan Caribbean, 2007), and Island Caribs and French Settlers in Grenada, 1498-1763 (Grenada National Museum Press, 2013). Within NEXUS, he is investigating the sustainability of small museums and heritage institutions in the Eastern Caribbean through community engagement.
External Profile: Angus Martin
Cameron Gill holds a BA in History with a minor in Archaeology (2003) and an MA with Distinction in Heritage Studies (2009), both from the University of the West Indies (UWI) Cave Hill Campus in Barbados. For his masters dissertation he researched Barbados’ maritime heritage from a material culture perspective. From 2010 he has been the General Manager of the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park Society and the UNESCO Focal Point for St. Kitts-Nevis. Set atop a 790 foot high steep-sided igneous peak in St. Kitts, the Brimstone Hill Fortress is the most extensive historic military fortification in the English speaking Americas. Brimstone Hill Fortress is also the first cultural heritage site in the Eastern Caribbean to be inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Cameron commenced his PhD in Archaeology at Leiden University in 2012. His doctoral thesis is entitled “Brimstone, Sea and Sand: the Historic Port Town of Sandy Point and its Anchorage”. Sandy Point was the first major port town in St. Kitts (the first English colony in the West Indies) and one of the early important ports in the Eastern Caribbean. Sandy Point was also a major centre for trade (both legal and illicit) and communication between the British and Dutch West Indies up to the mid twentieth century. Up until the withdrawal of the last British garrison in 1853, one of the main functions of the Brimstone Hill Fortress was to protect the strategic anchorage at Sandy Point. However, this once thriving port, and other Lesser Antillean ports, have been largely overlooked by historians and archaeologists. Cameron is pursuing his research from an inter-disciplinary perspective, incorporating archaeology (both maritime and terrestrial), archival sources and oral history. Cameron’s research aims include creating a greater awareness and understanding of the importance of this port city to the British and Dutch Atlantic World systems; the port’s influence on British defensive strategy; a greater understanding of the development and subsequent decline of Britain’s Atlantic World System; and a greater understanding of how a West Indian town’s port function can impact its society and culture, including its built landscape.